Introduction of ISPS Code
Background of ISPS Code
- IMO established the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (draft) at the 22nd General Meeting (November 2001) in the wake of the 9/11 attacks in the United States (February ~ September 2002)
* It created Chapter XI-2 (Enhancement of Maritime Security) of SOLAS and ISPS Code.
- ISPS COde was adopted by the SOLAS convention on December 12 2002 and brought into force on July 1 2004.
※ ISPS Code: International Ship and Port Facility Security Code
Overview of ISPS Code
- Part A : Mandatory requirements related to the specifications of Chapter XI-2 of SOLAS
- Part B : Guidance to Chapter XI-2 of SOLAS and ISPS Code Part A. It specifies the essential matters that must be considered when applying the code.
* It specifies the duties of the government and shipping companies to prevent the acts degrading the safety of ships, passengers (crews), freights and port facilities.
- The ships shall have its ship security plan (SSP) approved and be inspected of security. Each ship shall carry the international ship security certificate (ISSC).
- The port shall designate a port facility security manager and conduct the security assessment. The port facility security plan (PFSP) shall be generated and approved by the designated administration (Director of local Office of Ocean and Fisheries) after the review by the local port security committee. When the port facility suitability confirmation form is issued, it shall be posted in the applicable facility.
Basis of enforcement
- SOLAS Chapters XI-1 and CXI-2
- ISPS Code
- International Ship and Port Facility Security Act (enforced on February 15 2008)
- Ships : Passenger ships, cargo ships of 500 gross tonnage or more and mobile marine structure
- Harbor : Port facilities used by the applicable ships
- ISPS Code Ship Guideline
- Ulsan Port Facility Security Office emergency contact network
- Tips for identifying terrorists ? National Intelligence Service
Departments in charge
- Ship : Dept. of Ships, Div. of Crew and Maritime Affairs Safety
- Port : Dept. of Operation, Div. of Port Logistics